Health IT, or HIT, is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the technology industry in terms of employment. This white paper provides a quick look at some of the most desirable – and competitive – roles within HIT for the coming year. Whether you’re a hiring manager or an IT professional excited about opportunities in this space, you’ll want to watch development in these key areas.
Health IT is a broad term, encompassing the full spectrum of health information and technology within the healthcare industry. HIT address the need for data security and privacy protection as information is transferred between consumers, providers, insurers, government, and third-party providers.
According to Wikipedia, Health IT “is increasingly viewed as the most promising tool for improving the overall quality, safety and efficiency of the health delivery system (Chaudhry et al., 2006).”
HIT is a high growth area due to of increasing demand for services from an aging population coupled with advances in patient care technology, data management capabilities, and government legislation.
Provisions of The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) act enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 are designed to promote adoption and meaningful use of health information technology while strengthening HIPPA rules.
Both the government and the healthcare industry have high hopes for the positive impact of HIT, which is expected to provide benefits including:
Brian Eastwood, the senior editor of CIO.com, recently reported on the impact of HIT for CIOs. In his article Top Challenges Facing Healthcare CIOs, Eastwood points out that “Few industries face as many IT challenges as healthcare, where government mandates, security requirements and a need to replace outdated technology make a CIO’s job difficult.”
Jamie Churchill adeptly provides a detailed view of the key challenges and business drivers facing today’s healthcare CIO on the Perficient blog . These challenges include:
A term defined by the HITEC Act, Meaningful Use requires healthcare providers to adopt and utilize Electronic Health Records (EHRs) in a meaningful way by 2014 to avoid reduced Medicare reimbursements. Movement toward Meaningful Use involves two stages of adoption:
Business Intelligence systems support Meaningful Use with standardized data formats, secure information sharing, and portable, comprehensive patient care records
Health Information Exchange (HIE)
Sharing information across entities is essential for compliance with regulatory standards. Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) use exchanged data to connect and coordinate care for patients and providers. An HIE provides access to this data for all parties that need it, and “empowers them to achieve high-quality outcomes along with a more cost-effective delivery model.”
Mobile and Telehealth:
One of the most exciting HIT developments is mobile health and telehealth (remote delivery of healthcare services). However, while these solutions can “encourage patients to become engaged in their own care, but also present data security risks and implementation issues.”
Mobile technology and telehealth have many benefits, including:
These cost savings and quality benefits come with a requirement for high levels of data security, both within the systems and during data transmission, especially via wireless.
Clinical Data Analytics
Data analytics can fuel important insights necessary to improve healthcare quality and reduce costs. As the access to data on patient outcomes and clinical care patterns accrue, this “big data” will become invaluable for performance analysis.
Churchill explains, “Healthcare business intelligence can provide organizations the ability to use these large amounts of data to improve quality of care, increase financial efficiency and operational effectiveness, conduct innovative research as well as satisfying regulatory requirements.”
As CIOs work to address these challenges, demand for skilled employees, contractors, and consultants will accelerate. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that the healthcare sector will generate more new jobs than any other industry in the next several years.
Health IT is the next wave for technology and job growth. Staffing Industry Analysts estimates the Health Care IT Industry is an estimated $24 billion dollars and growth rates are expected to be 24%.
HIMMS (the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society) estimates that the US needs 108,000 Health IT professionals today and an additional 40,000+ professionals will be needed by 2015. Estimated growth rates are projected to be between 15-20%.
Quick facts about Health IT jobs in the U.S. (according to Simply Hired):
Certain industry-specific skills will be a high priority for CIOs who are competing to recruit the best and brightest from a limited talent pool. Employees seeking new career challenges will find opportunities for career growth and innovative work, particularly in these critical positions:
Richard Hein of CIO.com provides a snapshot of the hottest HIT skills in the coming year in a slideshow on ComputerWorld. Hein’s top picks, with salary estimates, include:
1. EMR Build Specialists
Topping the list is Electronic Medical Records (EMR) Build Specialists. Hein quotes Keith Fulmer, executive vice president of Kforce Healthcare Solutions, who says, “Regardless of vendor [HIT] needs people to build and configure systems specific to the client environment.” These positions require healthcare experience and knowledge of patient care, as well as accounting and CRM, “but there’s more complexity because there is more involvement with patients,” says Fulmer.
Average annual earnings? $75,000.
2. Healthcare Analytics / Data Architecture
The data explosion in healthcare demands experts to organize and analyze all that information. HIT analytics and data architecture both require a specific understanding of a provider organization and its patient workflows in order to capture the right data and pinpoint opportunities for improvement.
“Each area has unique challenges,” says Fulmer. “Healthcare analytics is similar to BI in the sense that data is constructed and routines are generated to develop predictive vs. reactive patient care outcomes.” Knowledge of healthcare operations, finance, and patient care are essential.
Annual salaries average $102,000-$110,000.
3. Project/Program Management
Hein references ComputerWorld’s 2013 Forecast survey of 334 IT executives, which shows that 40 percent plan to hire project and program managers. ICD-10 compliance requires effective project management, making this a critical role for healthcare IT providers. Fulmer says, “The most valuable project managers will have experience in the ongoing issues affecting HIT.”
Program managers oversee a portfolio of projects, working side-by-side with project managers. “The program manager may be responsible for the overall change management, risk management and executive reporting,” says Fulmer. Hein points out that ICD-10 requirements for “a code set to document conditions and procedures that exist in every level of healthcare IT, means that even small hospitals have up to 40 projects required to become compliant.”
ICD-10 is just one of many HIT challenges, and there is likely to be a growing demand for these roles in 2013.
Average salaries for Project managers are $105,000 annually, while Program Managers make about $97,000 a year.
4. Application Development
For IT professionals looking to transition from other industries, application development provides a solid opportunity. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicted a 32 percent increase in demand for this skill for 2012, with additional growth expecting in 2013. “Healthcare IT needs workers skilled at traditional programming languages like Java and .NET [as well as] mainframe experience,” says Fulmer.
HIT application developers earn an average of $95,000/year.
5. Quality Assurance
Ensuring the performance of HIT systems is critical, making the need for qualified Quality Assurance (QA) people perennial. These IT experts address issues with usability as well as testing for compliance, bugs, and other issues that can impact healthcare administrators, caregivers, and patients.
“QA people are a big component as we look at unit and user-testing for EMR [Electronic Medical Records] and ICD-10, ” says Fulmer.
Quality Assurance Specialists average, $92,000 annually.
Looming regulatory deadlines will increase pressure to quickly hire for these key positions. This means CIOs will need to develop a strategy for recruiting from traditional sources as well as exploring options for new talent migrating from other industries.
Candidates will find opportunities in both start-ups and established organizations. A record of successful performance will assist IT professionals who wish to transition their skills into HIT. New training and certification programs will likely become popular to expand the availability of qualified employees.
Working with a staffing agency that has deep ties to the HIT industry can also be a strategic recruiting advantage. By unlocking access to hidden talent and passive job seekers, IT leaders will be able to maintain their competitive edge while keep focus on operational issues.